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科学研究
20220518 Resolving the lineage relationship between malignant cells and vascular cells in glioblastomas

Wang,F., Liu, X., Li, S., Zhao, C., Sun, Y., …, Li, Z.*, Liu, Y.*, Zhou, Y.* (2022). Resolving the lineage relationship between malignant cells and vascular cells in glioblastomas. Protein Cell.(刘颖、周严)

 

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a highly malignant and heterogeneous brain tumor, contains various types of tumor and non-tumor cells. Whether GBM cells can trans-differentiate into non-neural cell types, including mural cells or endothelial cells, to support tumor growth and invasion remains controversial. Here we generated two genetic GBM models de novo in immunocompetent mouse brains, mimicking essential pathological and molecular features of human GBMs. Lineage tracing and transplantation studies demonstrated that, although blood vessels in GBM brains underwent drastic remodeling, evidence of trans-differentiation of GBM cells into vascular cells was barely detected. Intriguingly, GBM cells could promiscuously express markers for mural cells during gliomagenesis. Furthermore, single-cell RNA sequencing showed that patterns of copy-number variations (CNVs) of mural cells and endothelial cells were distinct from those of GBM cells, indicating discrete origins of GBM cells and vascular components. Importantly, single-cell CNV analysis of human GBM specimens also suggested that GBM cells and vascular cells are likely separate lineages. Rather than expansion owing to trans-differentiation, vascular cell expanded by proliferation during tumorigenesis. Therefore, cross-lineage trans-differentiation of GBM cells is very unlikely to occur during gliomagenesis. Our findings advance understanding of cell lineage dynamics during gliomagenesis, and have implications for targeted treatment of GBMs.

 

全文链接请见:

https://doi.org/10.1093/procel/pwac006

 

 

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